TOP METROPOLITAN AREAS BY VIETNAMESE POPULATION BY REGION UNITED STATES CENSUS 2000
Washington D.C./VA/MD/WV/PMSA – 43,709
Boston-Worcester-Lawrence MA CMSA – 31,325
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA/NJ/DE/MD CMSA – 24,779
New York City, NY PMSA – 12,040
Baltimore, MD PMSA – 3,616 6. Hartford, CT MSA – 3,590
Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle PA MSA – 2,649
Rochester, NY MSA – 2,603 9. Springfield, MA MSA – 2,220
Lancaster, PA MSA – 2,178
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN MSA – 15,905
Chicago, IL PMSA – 15,894
Wichita, KS MSA – 7,284
Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, MI, MSA – 5,611
Saint Louis, MO-IL, MSA – 5,537
Detroit-Flint-Ann Arbor, MI CMSA – 5,237
Kansas City, MO-KS, MSA – 5,140
Lincoln, NE MSA – 3,774
Cleveland-Akron, OH CMSA 2,625
Des Moines, IA MSA – 2,588
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX CMSA – 63,924
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA – 47,090
Atlanta, GA MSA – 23,996
New Orleans, LA MSA – 14,868
Oklahoma City, OK MSA – 9,628
Tampa-St.Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA – 9,318
Austin-San Marcos, TX MSA – 8,641
Orlando, FL MSA – 7,621
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC MSA – 6,033
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA – 4,597
Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA CMSA – 233,573
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA CMSA – 146,613
Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton CMSA – 40,001
San Diego, CA MSA – 33,504
Sacramento-Yolo, CA MSA – 18,170
Portland-Salem, OR MSA – 17, 799
Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO MSA – 13,885
Phoenix, AZ MSA – 10,176
Honolulu, HI MSA – 7,392
Stockton-Lodi, CA MSA – 6,032
Tổng cộng hơn 1 triệu 6 trăm ngàn người Việt ở Hoa Kỳ [chưa kể số người Việt sinh sống tại các tình nhỏ và các địa hạt ủy trị thuộc Liên Bang Hoa Kỳ [Territories under US Trusteeship] như Puerto Rico, Guam, Mariana Islands không được liệt kê].
Year 2000 statistics [UNITED STATES CENSUS 2000]
|TOP 50 U.S. METROPOLITAN AREAS BY VIETNAMESE POPULATION UNITED STATES CENSUS 2000
Overseas Vietnamese (Vietnamese: Người Việt Hải Ngoại, which literally means “Overseas Vietnamese”, or Việt Kiều, a Sino-Vietnamese word literally translating to “Vietnamese sojourner”) refers to Vietnamese people living outside Vietnam in a diaspora. Of the about 3 million Overseas Vietnamese, about 300,000 left before 1975 (mainly to neighboring countries like Cambodia, or Western nations like France and the United States).
Originally, the term “Việt Kiều” were used in Vietnam to identify members of the Vietnamese diaspora who return to Vietnam for visits or business before they’ve become legal citizens of the Western nations in which they have migrated to. In recent years, this term [Việt Kiều] has become a misnomer after the overwhelming majority of Overseas Vietnamese became permanent legal residents in other countries, and therefore no longer fits under the outdated “sojourner” label. Nevertheless, it is still a term often used erroneously in Vietnam’s state-run media when running stories about overseas Vietnamese, with complete disregard to their residency and citizenship status. The Overseas Vietnamese community itself rarely use this misnomer for self-identification, instead, most prefer the technically-correct term of Người Việt Hải Ngoại (literally translating to Overseas Vietnamese), or occasionally Người Việt Tự Do (Free Vietnamese).
Overseas Vietnamese can be generally divided into four distinct categories that rarely interact with each other. The first category consists of people who have been living in territories outside of Vietnam prior to 1975; they usually reside in neighboring countries, such as Cambodia, Laos, and China. These people are not usually considered “Việt Kiều” by people residing in Vietnam. During French colonialism, some also migrated to France and some French-speaking areas, such as Québec. The second category, consisting of the vast majority of overseas Vietnamese, are those who escaped Vietnam after 1975 as refugees and their descendants. They usually reside in industrialized countries in North America, Western Europe, and Australia. The third category consists of Vietnamese working and studying in the Soviet bloc who opted to stay there after the Soviet collapse. This group is found mainly in Central and Eastern Europe. The last category consists of recent economic migrants who work in regional Asian countries such as Taiwan and Japan. They also include women who married men from Taiwan and South Korea through marriage agencies. These brides usually follow their husbands to live in those countries.
According to the 2000 census, more than 1.2 million people who are of Vietnamese origin live in the United States, constituting between a third to a half of all overseas Vietnamese. They tend to live in metropolitan areas in the West, especially in California and Texas. Significant areas where they are well-represented include Orange County, California, San Jose, California, and Houston, Texas. As almost all of them left Vietnam after 1975 to escape the communist Vietnamese government, they are generally antagonistic towards the current government of Vietnam.
By 2005, the Vietnamese American population had grown to more than 1.6 million.
Nguồn: US Census & Tổng hợp