TRANH DÂN GIAN
Vietnamese Folk Art Painting
Folk art includes artistic works produced typically in cultural isolation by untrained often anonymous artists or by artisans of varying degrees of skill and marked by such attributes as highly decorative design, bright bold colors, flattened perspective, strong forms in simple arrangements, and immediacy of meaning.
In contrast to fine art, folk art is primarily utilitarian and decorative rather than purely aesthetic. Folk Art is characterized by a naive style, in which traditional rules of proportion and perspective are not employed.
Vietnamese earliest folk art paintings dated from the XII and following centuries under the Ly, Tran, Ho, Le dynasties as various forms of pictural expressions featuring social practices, rituals and festive events of the agricultural peasantry.
From the XVI century and even nowadays in Vietnam, folk art painting drew a lot of national interest as valuable artworks and preserved heritage. The Vietnamese folk art paintings express cultural identity by conveying shared community values and aesthetics. They encompass a range of traditional art forms of diverse community groups — ethnic, religious, occupational, geographical. Folk artists traditionally learn skills and techniques through apprenticeships in informal community settings.
The most common method of printing image patterns known as “Tranh Dân Gian” [Folk Art Painting] is predominantly woodblock art printing. The necessary components for woodblock printing are the carved wood block, which carries the design cut in relief; dye or ink; and either cloth or paper.
The wood block is carefully prepared as a relief pattern, which means the areas to show white are cut away with a knife or chisel, leaving the design pattern to show in black at the original surface level.
Color is common in Vietnamese woodblock printing on paper. For color printing, multiple blocks are used, each for one color, although overprinting two colors may produce further colors on the print.
Basic colors are formed from natural elements, such as wood charcoal/burnt bamboo leaves [Black]; copper patina/cajuput leaves [Green]; verdigris [Blue]; turpentine [Amber]; powder of red gravels [Red]; sophora japonica/senna flowers [Yellow]; powder of egg shells [White], etc.
The context of the Vietnamese Folk Art Painting encompasses at least four theme topics and purposes:
- Preservation of Cultural Heritage; Folkloric Allegories, Social Activities, Social Commentary;
- Spiritual Invocation: Wishing & Blessing For Seasonal And New Year Celebrations;
- Ritual And Festive Events (Religious Rites, Cults, Animism);
- Mythic, Historic, And Historical Figurations.
The artisans of Đông Hồ, a village of Bắc Ninh in North Vietnam, produced woodblock prints for seasonal and new year celebrations; also for cultural, religious and folkloric imageries.
Woodblock printing at Hàng Trống, Hàng Nón, Hà Nội was strongly associated with Buddhism, Taoism, which encouraged the spread of charms and sutras. Hàng Trống artisans used a double technique of printing characters and black shaping on paper with multiple colors overlapping to be finished by hand on unprinted areas.
Woodblock printing at Sình Village of Huế was more enclined to express folkloric and cult motifs in a simple fashion, but giving trace to unexpected and various coloring charms. Woodblock printing in South Vietnam was also for mythical & ritual commemorations. Ways of life are integral to the making of artworks.
CREATE CIRCLE is thankful to Wikipedia, L’Association des Amis du Vieux Huế, Viết Chì Gỗ, and to local artisans/artists [Đông Hồ, Hà Nội, Huế, Sài Gòn] for providing information, documents, and illustrations necessary to the making of this artistic and cultural book, dedicated to the growth of Smart & Happy Kids.
LEARNING, ENJOYING, SHARING
Dear Fellow Readers & Compagnons de Route:
The mission of CREATE CIRCLE is to set up an open forum inviting responsible adults to share their knowledge & experiences with young and following generations. CREATE CIRCLE is a bimonthly publication, conceived as a serial multimedia network. The young and foreign culture participants forming the TARGET CIRCLE will have the opportunities to question, remake or enhance shared information and values herein collected.
The purpose of CREATE CIRCLE is to select the best of each social capital, past and foreign, its ethical values and creative efforts to help the TARGET CIRCLE fulfill its symbiotic culture of equity, peace, freedom, progress and human dignity.
Knowledge, sensitivity and creativity will reduce gaps between generations and prejudices, and on the other hand, interconnect energy to recreate a new humanistic world concept.
5. Introduction: Tranh Dân Gian – Vietnamese Folk Art Painting
8. Đông Hồ Folk Art Painting
29. HàngTrống Folk Art Painting
53. Sình Village Folk Art Painting
56. South Vietnam Folk Art Painting
60. People Of South Vietnam (Monographie Dessinée De l’Indochine)
CREATE CIRCLE: Vietnamese Folk Art Painting: Tranh Dan Gian Authored by Dr Dat N Luu, Authored with Viet Thuc Foundation, Authored with Create Circle, Introduction by Luu Dat, Designed by Viet Luu
List Price: $18.00
8″ x 9″ (20.32 x 22.86 cm)
Full Color on White paper
ISBN-13: 978-1717037749 (CreateSpace-Assigned)
BISAC: Art / Popular Culture / General
CREATE CIRCLE: Vietnamese Folk Art Painting -Tranh Dan Gian, an artistic & cultural book with full color illustrations, art reproductions, folkloric figurations. Learning, Enjoying, Sharing a symbiotic culture of knowledge, sensitivity, creativity, freedom, peace & human dignity.
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